Hey Guys, I hope you all are doing great… Have you guys noticed emerging fake freckle makeup trend on Instagram in a while?
I just love this trend because it’s so good to see people showing how to flaunt the flaws gracefully. And this is how things should be. Body positivity is new-age cool, and we should promote the same as it eliminates the inferiority complex in individuals and makes them feel confident about themselves. Also, flaunting the flaws is an ultimate path to self-love, which is very important for a person’s mental health.
Talking about the flaws, we can say that freckles are one of the cutest flaws a person can have, isn’t it? But let’s dig deep and find out what is freckle actually? And does it cause any harm to the skin or not?
What are Freckles?
Freckles are little flat spots that can be either brown, tan, or slightly red. Usually, freckles are somewhat darker than the surrounding skin, and people with fair skin are more likely to end up with freckles, especially when exposed to the Sun. Though freckle is not a skin color-specific thing, usually it occurs in people who are not blessed with melanin-rich skin.
But how did freckle get formed, or do people born with it?
Basically, freckle is a group of melanin-rich cells. But it doesn’t mean that there is an increased number of melanin-producing cells (melanocytes) in that group. In fact, freckles have the clusters of such cells that overproduce melanin granules.
Sunlight triggers these cells for melanin production. The exposure of UV-B radiations causes freckle formulation by stimulating melanocytes, which can make freckles on the sun-exposed skin. The distributed melanocytes can produce dominant freckles and can cover the entire sun-exposed area of skin.
It’s very rare to see small babies with freckles, but you can usually witness children with the same skin condition who are about to hit puberty. Freckles can develop in any skin tone. Though it is not a skin disease, people with low melanin concentrations are more susceptible to the harmful effects of sunlight.
So basically, freckle is not a skin problem. It’s just your melanin-producing cells that overproduce melanin in the exposure of UV rays. Freckles also fade away in winters if you have got the same in hot summers.
It can happen to people of any skin tone, but people with fairer skin tones, red hair, and cool undertones or those who are not blessed with adequate melanin quotient are more prone to this.
But it can be a hereditary skin condition as well. According to a source, “Freckles are controlled primarily by the MC1R gene. Freckles show a dominant inheritance pattern: parents who have freckles tend to have children with freckles. Variations, also called alleles, of MC1R control freckle number. Other genes and the environment influence freckle size, color, and pattern. For example, sun exposure can temporarily cause more freckles to appear.”
Apart from MC1R, some other genes have been associated with freckling as well. These are IRF4. ASIP, TYR, and BNC2.
- Freckles are more common in red hair people or individuals who have low melanin levels.
- These are harmless skin spots, but uncommon appearing freckles may cause skin problems.
- You can eliminate the freckles with medical treatments.
- Freckles which caused by UV rays usually fades in winters.
- Freckles do not let UV rays to penetrate deeper layers of skin. Hence, we can say that freckles actually protect us in sunlight.
Now let’s discuss, can we get rid of freckles or not? And Is there any way to improve the appearance of the same?
In a case, if you don’t like freckles and you want to change the same. There are some ways by which you can enhance the appearance of the same as no procedure can guarantee the permanent removal of freckles.
1. Laser Treatment:
Laser treatment comes handy whenever we are willing to get rid of unwanted scars, acne marks, fine lines, or unpleasant skin patches. It works well with the freckles as well.
In freckle laser treatment, an intense pulsed light targets the problem areas and eventually helps in lightening those pigmented spots. Before starting the process, professionals can use numbing creams as well. Multiple sessions of laser treatment are required to lighten the freckles to the best possible extent.
If you are opting for laser treatment, then your freckles may look more prominent just after the session, and your skin can take up to one week to recover from the procedure.
With the treatment, you need to take precautions in the sunlight to eliminate the reoccurrence of freckles. For the same, make sure you are using suggested SPF by your dermatologist. Use scarves, hats, or sunglasses whenever stepping outside. Also, if you are out in the Sun for a more extended period, use sunscreen every three hours. As the effect of sunscreen usually lasts for three hours only.
Note: Make sure you consult with dermatologists who are known for their work and best in business because, at last, it’s your body, honey.
2. Lightening Creams:
As the name says, the lightening creams can help you in fading the freckles, but you can’t get rid of the freckles entirely with the same. You may get the creams that claim “freckles removal,” but you should not fall for the same. No matter if the creams are available over the counter or not. Always seek professional help before diving into such chemical-rich products.
3. Chemical Peel:
It is yet another medical way you can try. As per Healthline, “A chemical peel uses a chemical solution to exfoliate and peel off areas of damaged skin. To remove freckles, a moderate skin peel containing glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid penetrates the skin’s middle layers. Once damaged skin is removed, new skin is generated.”
In this procedure, your skin can take up to two weeks to heal, and direct contact with the Sun is not allowed until your skin is recovered. Your dermatologist can give you some ointments as well for the after-treatment procedure.
4. Natural Remedies:
In case if you don’t want to indulge in medical treatments and want to stay away from chemicals, then you can try natural products as well. Though there is no proven study for the same, natural remedies do work for many people, and above all, do not cause side effects.
Lemon: These are best known for lightening skin naturally. Lemons do contain bleaching properties and help in lightening the dark spot. You can use mildly diluted lemon juice directly to your skin with the help of cotton pads. Keep the same on your skin for around 20 minutes and then rinse it off with lukewarm water.
Lactic acid-rich food: Lactic acid also works potentially in skin lightening, and spot removal. So you may use lactic acid-rich options such as yogurt, buttermilk, or sour cream. Just apply any of these on your face or affected areas and leave it for ten to fifteen minutes. Later on, wash with lukewarm water. You may also mix oatmeal in the buttermilk to apply as a mask.
Always remember, don’t go overboard with any home remedies. Overdoing anything does not cause any good.
Now, one thing we need to know how to spot the difference between Freckles and Sun Damage?
Freckle is tiny, in size, but if you notice big spots on your skin after having a gala time in the sunlight, then it can be sunspots/sun damage. In sun damage, multiple pigmented cells lump together and create sunspots. Whereas the freckles hit us in early puberty, these are not permanent and can fade away with age or changing seasons. Sunspots stay for a longer period, and it can start forming in your mid-thirties as well.
So guys pay attention when you notice any change in your skin as any unusual spots can be a sign of an underdeveloped problem. If you are even slightly suspicious about the changes happening to your body, then you must consult with a dermatologist.
So summing up today’s topic, I would like to mention an advice which I always give you guys, “Prevention is better than cure.” Do not wait for the wrong things to happen to you.
Always, remember always apply sunscreen whenever stepping out in the Sun. No matter if the day is cloudy, sunscreen is necessary to protect your skin from the harmful effects of UV rays. Hence, make SPF your best friend and always keep it handy if you are out.
With this piece of content, I am signing off guys. Will share more useful content with you all, stay tuned 🙂